Acupuncture Continuing Education

Acupuncture News and Research

Acupuncture and herbal medicine clear acne. Beijing Erlong Road Hospital researchers investigated the treatment efficacy of herbal facial masks and acupuncture. The combined therapy achieved a 96.67% total effective rate. Other benefits included a lower relapse rate for outbreaks and a significant improvement in the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI). Herbal face mask

A control group receiving only herbal face masks had a total effective rate of 80%. By adding acupuncture to the treatment regimen, the total effective rate increased by 16.67%. The addition of acupuncture to the herbal facial treatments also improved the DLQI and relapse rates.

The herbal face masks were composed of several Chinese herbs:

  • Jin Yin Hua
  • Tao Ren
  • Hong Hua
  • Huang Qin
  • Xia Ku Cao
  • Yi Mu Cao

The Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) face mask was applied after washing the face. The mask was applied to the affected regions. Total application time was 20 – 30 minutes at a rate of once per day for 10 days.

Acupuncture was applied with manual stimulation applied to elicit the arrival of deqi. Next, needles were retained with additional manual stimulation every 10 minutes. Moxibustion was applied to a selection of the acupoints used. Several acupoints included the moxa warming procedure:

  • Sanyinjiao (SP6)
  • Zusanli (ST36)
  • Mingmen (DU4)
  • Shenshu (BL23)
  • Yongquan (KD1)

Additional acupoints were used but did not include moxibustion:

  • Zhongwan (CV12)
  • Guanyuan (CV4)
  • Taibai (SP3)
  • Taichong (LV3)

The total effective rate was based on a combination of three levels of effectiveness: recovery, significantly effective, effective. Recovery was defined as the following: damaged skin completely healed, only spotty skin pigmentation persisting, no new outbreaks. Significantly effective was defined as the following: 70% decrease in damaged skin areas, only intermittent outbreaks. Effective was defined as the following: 30% – 70% decrease in damaged skin areas, persistent acne present. Acupuncture plus herbs yielded a 96.67% total effective rate whereas the facial mask as a standalone procedure yielded an 80% total effective rate. 

Acupuncture combined with herbal medicine outperforms acyclovir for the treatment of shingles (herpes zoster). Acupuncture plus herbs has a significantly higher total effective rate for the treatment of shingles than acyclovir, an antiviral medication. Researchers document that acupuncture plus herbs is both safe and effective for relieving pain, reducing overall symptomatic presentations, and for the resolution of shingles. Shingles responds better to TCM than to acyclovir.

Researchers from Hubei Medicine College determined that acupuncture plus herbs has a 100% total effective rate for the treatment of shingles whereas a combination of oral and topical acyclovir plus methylcobalamin has an 82.86% total effective rate. Study participants in the medication group received 200 mg of acyclovir at a rate of five times per day plus 500 mg of methylcobalamin at a rate of three times per day and topical acyclovir. In addition, the participants taking acyclovir were administered antibiotics for the treatment of secondary infections as needed.

Two important clinical improvements stand out from the clinical study of 85 patients published in the Journal of Hubei University of Chinese Medicine. Patients receiving acupuncture and herbs had a significantly faster total recovery rate. The eradication of the herpes zoster presentation was faster for patients receiving acupuncture plus herbs than patients taking acyclovir. In addition, acupuncture plus herbs had a faster effective action for the relief of pain due to shingles. Moreover, acupuncture plus herbs had a 17.14% greater total effective rate than acyclovir.

The semi-protocolized study featured surround acupuncture and a set of primary herbs combined with modifications based on diagnostic presentations. The surround acupuncture procedure involved the placement of acupuncture needles around the area of the herpes zoster rash. The needles were distanced from each other by 2 – 5 cm. Additional Hua Tuo Jia Ji acupoints were added at corresponding levels of rash presentations. Total needle retention time was thirty minutes. 

Acupuncture relieves neck pain and improves range of motion. Chen et al. find acupuncture effective in alleviating cervical spondylosis, a painful disorder caused by intervertebral disc degeneration. Zeng et al. conclude that acupuncture alleviates cervical spondylosis and radiculopathy. The data demonstrates that acupuncture is more effective than NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs). Zhou et al. find acupuncture effective for the alleviation of pain after surgery to the cervical spine. Li et al. conclude that acupuncture plus herbal medicine is effective for the relief of spasmodic torticollis, a disorder wherein the head becomes turned to one side, often due to painful muscle spasms. Liu et al. find acupuncture plus herbs effective for the relief of neck and shoulder pain. Neck points with sitting style technique are applied.

Let’s take a look at each one of these discoveries. Chen et al. measured the effects of acupuncture on cervical spondylosis. Their findings indicate that a combination of auricular acupuncture with body style acupuncture is more effective than body style acupuncture as a standalone procedure.

Body style acupuncture combined with auricular acupuncture yielded the following results

  • 70% recovered
  • 26.67% significantly effective
  • 3.33% ineffective

Body style only acupuncture yielded the following results

  • 43.33% recovered
  • 50% significantly effective
  • 6.67% ineffective

Recovery was defined as: asymptomatic, muscular strength returned to normal, neck and limb function returned to normal, patient can return to normal work life and carry out more labor intensive activities. Significantly effective was defined as: mitigation of overall symptoms, neck and limb functional improvement, less pain of the neck, shoulder, and back.

Participants received acupuncture every other day for a total of ten sessions of care. Auricular acupuncture, also known as ear acupuncture, was applied to the intersecting region of the thoracic and cervical spine area on the outer ear. The needle was threaded subcutaneously through the cervical spine area. Needle retention time was thirty minutes and manual stimulation was applied 2 – 3 times during needle retention with 5 – 7 rotations each time.

Body style acupuncture was applied to acupoints including

  • Fengchi, GB20
  • Hegu, LI4
  • Jiaji (2 – 3 cervical points, affected side)

Mild reinforcing and reducing techniques were applied to elicit deqi. Needle retention time was thirty minutes, timed from the arrival of deqi. The researchers conclude that auricular acupuncture combined with body style acupuncture is highly effective in the treatment of cervical spondylosis. 

Vitamin K3 injections into acupuncture point SP6 relieves menstrual cramping and pain. Researchers from institutions including Columbia University (New York), Stanford University School of Medicine (Palo Alto), and University of California at San Francisco (UCSF) completed a six year study of dysmenorrhea. The study design was rigorous: double-blind, double-dummy, randomized controlled trial. The researchers concluded, “Acupuncture point injection of vitamin K3 relieves menstrual pain rapidly and is a useful treatment in an urban outpatient clinic.” Lower abdomen

Primary dysmenorrhea affects approximately 85% of women and the pain is severe in approximately 20% of women experiencing menstrual pain. Although the pathophysiology is not identical in all cases, uterine prostaglandin hormones at high levels contribute to cramping and lower abdominal pain. The pain may last from several hours to days.

Acupuncture with injection therapy of herbal extracts has been used in China for over forty years. Prior research conducted in China and Italy indicates that acupuncture point injections of vitamin K3 is effective for the treatment of dysmenorrhea. The Menstrual Disorder Centre at the Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital (Shanghai) has used acupuncture point injections of K3 since 1985.

Several groups received vitamin K3 injections to test acupuncture point injection efficacy. The active treatment group received injections of vitamin K3 bilaterally into acupoint SP6 (Sanyinjiao), located on the lower leg. A control group received saline injections into SP6. An additional control group received K3 injections into the right buttocks. Participants in the study met the inclusion criteria of: 14 – 25 years of age, severe primary dysmenorrhea for a minimum of 6 months, intractable pain not relieved or only partially relieved by any other treatment modality. Each participant received only one injection of K3. The active treatment group received one 4 ml injection per participant bilaterally into SP6 for a total dosage of 8 ml. 

Acupuncture and herbs clear fallopian tube obstructions and restore fertility. Researchers from the Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital of Puyang City tested a four part Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) protocol for restoring fallopian tube patency. The acupuncture and herbal medicine protocol led to the successful clearing of hydrosalpinx and other fallopian tube obstructions. In addition, the acupuncture and herbal medicine protocol outperformed a control group receiving medications. Pregnancy rates improve with TCM.

Clinical results for clearing the fallopian tubes varied between the TCM and medication groups. The TCM group receiving acupuncture and herbal medicine had a total effective rate of 90%. The group receiving medications had a total effective rate of 68%. For the acupuncture and herbal medicine group, 53% of patients experienced a total recovery, 37% experienced effective relief, and 10% of patients did not respond to care. For the medication group, 42% of patients had a total recovery, 26% experienced effective relief, and 32% of patients did not respond to care.

The pregnancy rate varied between the acupuncture plus herbs group and the medication group. Patients receiving acupuncture plus herbs had a 65% pregnancy rate following treatment. The medication group patients had a 38% pregnancy rate. The peak pregnancy rate was achieved within three months after completion of the treatment regimen.

Two-hundred patients with fallopian tube obstruction related infertility were equally and randomly divided into two groups. The Traditional Chinese Medicine group received protocolized care of acupuncture, cupping, oral intake herbal medicine, external poultice herbal medicine, and an herbal enema. The purpose of the enema is to absorb herbal medicines into the reproductive system through the intestines. A Traditional Chinese Medicine maxim is that the large intestine is the “friend of the uterus.” This reflects the fact that the large intestine and uterus are physically beside each other and run parallel in one part of the body. The enema is a form of herbal medicine application to the affected region. 

Acupuncture and cupping are effective for migraine relief. Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine researchers tested two acupuncture protocols. One of the acupuncture protocols achieved a 100% total effective rate with an 88.6% complete recovery rate. This involved a combination of acupuncture and cupping. Another protocol, using only acupuncture, achieved a 94.3% total effective rate with a 62% complete recovery rate. The superior positive patient outcomes achieved in the acupuncture plus cupping protocol were achieved using a set of specialized acupuncture points. Facial needles for migraine relief.

Migraines are headaches of moderate to severe intensity that are unilateral or throbbing. Attacks range from several hours to several days per migraine. Nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to sound and light, auras, flashes of light, and blind spots are often concomitant. According to the Mayo Clinic staff, “Clinical trials have found that acupuncture may be helpful for headache pain.”

Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine researchers tested seventy patients with migraines. They were randomized into two groups of equal size. Both groups received acupuncture at the following acupoints:

  • Taiyang, extra point
  • Touwei, ST8
  • Yintang, extra point
  • Baihui, DU20
  • Fengchi, GB20
  • Waiguan, TB5
  • Taichong, LV3
  • Sanyinjiao, SP6
  • Zhongfeng, LV4
  • Taixi, KD3
  • Zusanli, ST36
  • Yinlingquan, SP9

In addition, group one received an extra acupuncture point—Shanzhong (CV17). Group one also received cupping for five minutes on back-shu (beishu) acupoints following the acupuncture procedure. Acupuncture was applied to both groups twice per week for eight continuous weeks. Needle retention time for all treatments was twenty minutes and manual reinforcing and reducing techniques were applied. 

Acupuncture helps in the recovery from a stroke, a cerebrovascular accident (CVA). Researchers from Guangdong Chinese Medicine School concluded that acupuncture significantly improves patient motor functioning and overall quality of life. Heilongjiang Traditional Chinese Medicine Second Affiliated Hospital researchers conducted an independent clinical trial and concluded that acupuncture is an effective treatment for functional hand impairment after a stroke. In another study, researchers from the Heilongjiang Provincial Academy of Chinese Medicine concluded that acupuncture is effective for the treatment of constipation due to a stroke. Scalp points for needling a stroke patient.

Guangdong Chinese Medicine School researchers achieved a total effective rate of 90% using acupuncture with 46.67% of patients experiencing very significant motor improvements. Upper and lower limb motor functioning and the ability of patients to perform activities of daily living significantly improved. Brunnstrom Approach categorizations significantly improved for both upper and lower limb functioning. The Barthel Activities of Daily Living (ADL) index improved from a base average of 38.80 to 55.80.

A semi-protocolized acupuncture point prescription was applied to the patients. Manual acupuncture was applied to Neiguan (PC6). Lifting, thrusting, and twisting was applied to elicit deqi and manual stimulation continued for an additional three minutes after the arrival of deqi. Bird-pecking technique was applied to Renzhong (DU26). Lifting and thrusting was applied to Sanyinjiao (SP6) until the lower limbs twitched at least three times in response to the needling. Jiquan (HT1) and Chize (LU5) were stimulated until movement of the upper limbs was elicited at least three times. Weizhong (BL40) was needled next. Manual acupuncture was applied until there was lower limb twitching at least three times. The aforementioned Xing Nao Kai Qiao acupuncture technique was applied every other day. On alternating days, Bo’s abdominal acupuncture was applied.

Supplementary points were added for specific conditions on days when the Xing Nao Kai Qiao acupuncture was performed. For pseudobulbar palsy (inability to control facial movements), Fengchi (GB20) was added. For aphasia, Jinjin and Yuye were added. Yifeng (SJ17) and Fengchi (GB20) were added for dysphagia (difficulty swallowing). Jiache (ST6) was added for deviation of the mouth. For drooping of the eyelids (blepharoptosis), Yangbai (GB14) and Yuyao were added. For discomfort or a dragging sensation in the upper limbs, Quchi (LI11) and Waiguan (SJ5) were added. For spasticity of the fingers with an inability to stretch, Hegu (LI4) and Houxi (SI3) were added. Sensory disorders were treated with Bafeng and Baxie. 

Acupuncture and herbs alleviate restless leg syndrome (RLS). Researchers tested two forms of treatments and the findings indicate that acupuncture combined with herbal medicine is both safe and effective for the treatment of RLS. The total effective rate for acupuncture plus herbs was 95.24%. RLS anatomy

Restless leg syndrome (a.k.a. Willis-Ekbom disease) is characterized by a need to move the legs. The symptoms are typically worse at night and tend to lessen upon movement. An uncomfortable feeling in the legs including aching, pulling, itching, and a crawling sensation are characteristic of RLS.

The etiology of RLS is often considered unknown in biomedicine, however, several causes and exacerbating factors are known. Iron deficiency is common among RLS sufferers and is correlated with restless leg syndrome. Peripheral neuropathy, diabetes, Parkinson’s disease, and kidney diseases are correlated with RLS. Pregnancy related RLS typically occurs in the third trimester and usually resolves approximately one month after delivery. Several types of medications are linked to RLS including certain antiemetics, antipsychotics, antihistamines, and antidepressants.

According to Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) principles, RLS is closely related to Zang-Fu organ imbalances, especially in the liver, heart, and kidneys. Treatment principles including balancing yin and yang, promoting qi and blood circulation, nourishing the spleen, dredging the sanjiao meridian, and regulating the du and ren channels.

Two forms of acupuncture were tested for efficacy: body style acupuncture, eye region acupuncture. Both forms of acupuncture proved effective. The body style acupuncture included needling of the following acupoints:

  • Baihui, DU20
  • Sishenchong, extra
  • Fengchi, GB20
  • Anmian, extra
  • Shanzhong, REN17
  • Shenmen, HT7
  • Neiguan, PC6
  • Xuehai, SP10
  • Zusanli, ST36
  • Sanyinjiao, SP6
  • Taixi, KD3
  • Taichong, LV3

Mild reinforcing and reducing techniques were applied to acupuncture needles of 0.5 to 1.0 inches in length. Stimulation was applied to elicit deqi. Needle retention time was forty minutes per acupuncture session. Ten acupuncture treatments were applied to each participant in a period between ten and twenty days. Eye region acupuncture was applied to the following eye micro-acupuncture points: xiaojiao, liver, kidney, heart. The same frequency of treatment and session duration applied to the eye micro-acupuncture protocol of care. 

Acupuncture alleviates impairment and dysfunction of the sense of smell, dysosmia. Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine researchers conducted an acupuncture clinical trial of ten patients with dysosmia. Acupuncture achieved a total effective rate of 90%. Two patients completely recovered, three patients achieved excellent clinical improvements, four patients achieved significant clinical improvements, and one patient demonstrated no signs of improvement. The results indicate that acupuncture restores olfaction. Olfaction points

The acupuncture treatments were applied using a semi-protocolized acupuncture point prescription. The primary acupuncture points were applied to all patients and secondary acupuncture points were applied based on differential diagnostics. Patients were needled with 0.25 x 40 mm Hua Tuo brand acupuncture needles. Mild reinforcing and reducing manual acupuncture techniques were applied to elicit deqi. Manual acupuncture was applied twice per acupuncture session. Total needle retention time was thirty minutes per acupuncture session. Acupuncture was applied once per day for seven consecutive days followed by a one day break from treatments. This process was performed three times for a total of twenty-one acupuncture treatments.

The primary acupuncture points were:

  • Baihui, DU20
  • Shangxing, DU23
  • Yingxiang, LI20
  • Shanyingxiang
  • Tongtian, BL7
  • Fengchi, GB20
  • Hegu, LI4

Supplementary acupoints were chosen based on three differential diagnostic patterns. For blood stasis, Xuehai (SP10) was added. For liver deficiency with qi stagnation, Taichong (LV3) was added. For qi deficiency with poor blood circulation, Zusanli (ST36) was added. The total effective rate was 90%. 

Acupuncture alleviates chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). Research published in the Guangxi Medical Journal finds acupuncture effective for the relief of fatigue, depression, and other symptoms of CFS. Chronic fatigue syndrome is characterized by severe fatigue that does not improve with rest. Additional signs and symptoms include memory loss, cognitive impairment, sore throat, lymph node swelling, musculoskeletal pain, and headaches. Etiologies may include viral infections, stress, and other factors. The clinical trial reveals that a special type of acupuncture has a high total effective rate and a significant total recovery rate for patients with CFS. Qihuan needling.

Conventional acupuncture was compared with Qihuan acupuncture. The total effective rate and total recovery rate were significant in both groups. Although both forms were effective, Qihuan acupuncture produced a higher percentage of positive patient outcomes as part of the total effective rate. Conventional acupuncture produced an 80.85% total effective rate and Qihuan acupuncture produced a 95.83% total effective rate.

Qihuan acupuncture produced a superior total recovery rate to conventional acupuncture. Of forty-eight patients receiving Qihuan acupuncture, a total of sixteen patients had a complete recovery. A total recovery was defined as a complete resolution of all symptoms and the patients were able to return to a normal social and work life. Of forty-seven patients receiving conventional acupuncture, ten had a total recovery. As a result of these findings, Qihuan acupuncture is regarded as an important method for the treatment of CFS.

Qihuan acupuncture involves several Chinese medicine principles. Qihuan acupuncture benefits the Zang-Fu organs. In addition, Qihuan acupuncture benefits qi, alleviates depression, restores the liver, promotes blood circulation, and relieves heat and toxins. According to Chinese medicine principles, CFS affects many Zang-Fu organs including the spleen, liver, and kidneys. As a result, the effectiveness of Qihuan acupuncture is well-suited for this type of treatment.

Qihuan acupuncture is the application of eight acupuncture needles in a 0.5 inch radius around the navel at 45 degree angles forming a complete circle. A different way to visualize the acupoint locations is at 12, 3, 6, and 9 o’clock to CV8 (Shenque) plus the areas halfway between each clock designation for a total of eight directions. Needle depth maximum was set to 0.8 inches and needle retention time was thirty minutes per acupuncture session. 

Acupuncture is an effective treatment for atherosclerosis. Researchers from the Qian’an Hospital of TCM (Traditional Chinese Medicine) investigated the efficacy of acupuncture for the treatment of carotid artery related atherosclerosis. The study compared two types of acupuncture treatments with drug therapy. One acupuncture protocol produced significantly greater positive patient outcomes than drug therapy. Another acupuncture protocol produced equivalent results to drug therapy. Atherosclerosis affected by needling.

Drug therapy, involving the administration of 20 mg of simvastatin per day, was compared with standard acupuncture needle insertion and threading needling insertion.
Simvastatin, also known by the brand name Zocor, is a statin drug used to lower LDL cholesterol levels and triglycerides while increasing beneficial HDL cholesterol levels. Uses of simvastatin include lowering the risk of stroke, heart attack, coronary heart disease, and other disorders of the heart. The group receiving simvastatin had a 36.76% total effective rate. Standard acupuncture produced a 40% total effective rate and threading acupuncture (Tou Xue) produced a 66.7% total effective rate.

Atherosclerosis involves plaque buildup inside arteries that is composed of cholesterol, fatty substances, calcium, fibrin, and cellular waste. Threading acupuncture produced the best clinical results of the three study groups with the greatest reductions in carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT). The IMT of extracranial carotid arteries is widely used as a measurable index of atherosclerosis.

The researchers concluded that acupuncture successfully regulates high and low shear blood viscosity. The viscosity of whole blood reflects the ability of blood to move freely through the vessels. It is a measure of blood flow resistance and includes both thickness and stickiness as parameters. High blood viscosity increases friction against vessels, impedes oxygen delivery, and increases demands on the heart to move blood. As a results, elevated blood viscosity is linked to cholesterol level disorders, hypertension, and many other cardiovascular disorders.

High shear rate blood viscosity occurs during systole, the normal contraction of the heart. The blood is moving faster when the heart is pumping and the blood is thinner. Low shear rate blood viscosity is during diastole, when the heart is at rest and dilated. The low shear rate viscosity is significantly greater than the high shear rate viscosity. Threading acupuncture significantly downregulated both high and low shear rate blood viscosity levels and outperformed simvastatin. In addition, threading acupuncture reduced plasma viscosity more than simvastatin. Overall, threading acupuncture produced the greatest improvements in the hemorheology index, a measure of blood flow properties.

Threading acupuncture produced the greatest reductions of LDL cholesterol and total cholesterol. The same applied for reductions of triglycerides. Overall, threading acupuncture produced the most significant improvements in blood lipid indices of the three groups. 

Acupuncture relieves knee pain. Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Zhoushan City researchers investigated the effectiveness of electroacupuncture and moxibustion for the treatment of knee osteoarthritis. Patients receiving electroacupuncture had a 60% total effective rate and patients receiving manual acupuncture with moxibustion had a 48.89% total effective rate. Knee articulations

A closer look at the results demonstrates important clinical differences between electroacupuncture and moxibustion. Electroacupuncture had a higher rate of positive patient outcomes for relief of pain. Electroacupuncture also excelled at relief of knee stiffness in the morning. Electroacupuncture had a shorter duration of time between onset of treatment and relief of pain. Electroacupuncture outperformed moxibustion in the ability to restore daily living activities.

Manual acupuncture with moxibustion outperformed electroacupuncture in the time between onset of treatment and relief from knee stiffness with swelling. The results indicate that electroacupuncture and moxibustion have different clinical advantages. Moxibustion reduced swelling more readily while electroacupuncture provided a more significant analgesic effect.

The study involved randomization of ninety osteoarthritis patients into two groups, electroacupuncture and moxibustion. Acupuncture was applied with patients in a supine position. Acupuncture needles were 0.3 x 40 mm. Perpendicular insertion at local points was applied. Primary acupuncture points included:

  • Xuehai, SP10
  • Xiyan
  • Zusanli, ST36
  • Yinlingquan, SP9
  • Shenshu, BL23

Supplementary points were added to the protocolized acupuncture point prescription based on differential diagnostics. Sanyinjiao (SP6) was added for patients with continuous pain. Weizhong (BL40) was added for patients with severe pain intensity. 

Acupuncture alleviates dementia and cognitive impairment. Researchers from the Anhui University of Chinese Medicine demonstrate that acupuncture has a 90% total effective rate for the treatment of vascular dementia. Researchers from the Heilongjiang University of TCM (Traditional Chinese Medicine) demonstrate that acupuncture improves cognitive abilities for patients with non-dementia related vascular cognitive impairment. In addition, researchers from the Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine demonstrate that acupuncture has an 88% total effective rate for the treatment of chronic cerebral circulatory insufficiency (CCCI). The human brain is affected by needling exteriorly.

The studies demonstrate that acupuncture benefits patients with disorders linked to impairment of blood flow to the brain. Vascular dementia involves difficulty with reasoning, memory, and thinking. Vascular cognitive impairment with no dementia (VCIND) is prodromal dementia characterized by mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Chronic cerebral circulatory insufficiency is cerebral vascular insufficiency often caused by atherosclerosis or a stroke. Dizziness, tinnitus, blurry vision, depression, confusion, memory loss, and general senility are common characteristics of this disorder.

The Anhui University of Chinese Medicine researchers randomly divided sixty vascular dementia patients into two groups. Group one received scalp acupuncture with a long needle retention time. Group two received thirty minute acupuncture sessions. The group with the long scalp acupoint needle retention times demonstrated a 90% total effective rate. The group receiving acupuncture with thirty minute needle retention times achieved a 66.7% total effective rate.

Group one received scalp acupuncture at the following acupoints:

  • Baihui, DU20
  • Sishencong (extra point set)
  • Shenting, DU24

DU24 and Sishencong were needled towards DU20. Manual acupuncture needle stimulation, including rotation, was applied to each needle. The acupuncture needles at the scalp acupoints were retained for eight hours.

Supplementary acupoints included Fengchi (GB20), Yintang, Zusanli (ST36), and Taixi (KD3). Additional acupoints were added based on differential diagnostics. For liver and kidney deficiency, Ganshu (BL18) and Shenshu (BL23) were applied. For phlegm stagnation, Fenglong (ST40) and Zhongwan (CV12) were added. For blood stasis and meridian blockage, Xuehai (SP10) and Geshu (BL17) were added.

ST36 and KD3 were applied with tonification manual acupuncture techniques. The other supplemental points were applied with mild reinforcing and reducing techniques. Total needle retention time for supplemental acupoints was thirty minutes per acupuncture session. Manual stimulation was applied once every ten minutes during each session. Acupuncture was administered once per day for five contiguous days followed by a two day break from treatment. The total treatment period was eight weeks comprised of eight courses of acupuncture care. 

Acupuncture relieves shoulder pain, inflammation, and range of motion impingement. Researchers from the Yuxi Hospital of TCM (Traditional Chinese Medicine) investigated the efficacy of acupuncture for the treatment of acute shoulder periarthritis. Commonly known as frozen shoulder or adhesive capsulitis, this condition is an inflammatory disorder of the rotator cuff and surrounding tissues that leads to pain and immobility of the shoulder. The investigation reveals that acupuncture has a total effective rate exceeding 90%. Hui style acupuncture involves application of Ashi points.

One hundred shoulder periarthritis patients were randomly divided into two equal acupuncture groups. One group received a style of acupuncture known as the Hui approach. The second group received conventional acupuncture treatments. The Hui acupuncture group had a 96% total effective rate and the standard acupuncture group had a 94% total effective rate. The scores indicate that acupuncture effectively reduces shoulder pain and improves range of motion. Moreover, the Hui acupuncture approach to care shortened the total treatment time needed to resolve the condition over standard acupuncture therapy.

A key component of the Hui acupuncture style is the elicitation of deqi at the acupuncture points. Traditional functions of this style include relieving spasms, dredging the meridians, and expelling stasis. The Hui acupuncture style for periarthritis involved the application of GB34 (Yanglingquan, Yang Mound Spring) and Ashi acupoints. The treatment protocol begins with the patient in a seated or supine position and GB34 is needled with a rapid insertion technique on the affected side. 

Acupuncture and herbs relieve osteoporosis and increase bone mineral density. Research published in the Journal of Clinical Acupuncture and Moxibustion demonstrates that acupuncture and herbs reduce pain, numbness, and dizziness while improving walking for patients with osteoporosis. Compared with a control group receiving only standard medical care, a group receiving standard care plus acupuncture and herbal medicine achieved significantly greater positive patient outcomes. Female model with back shu points and bladder channel points.

A total of eighty osteoporosis patients were randomized into two groups. Group one received calcium carbonate with vitamin D orally and injections of Calcitonin-Salmon. Group two received the same medications plus electroacupuncture and herbal medicine. The specific calcium carbonate with vitamin D pills used in the study were Caltrate 600+D supplements. This is used for preventing calcium deficiency and is used in the treatment of osteoporosis related bone loss and weak bones due to conditions such as osteomalacia. Calcitonin-Salmon is an endocrine-metabolic agent used for regulating bone metabolism by blocking bone resorption. As a result, it is useful for treating osteoporosis and bone related Paget disease.

One tablet of Caltrate 600+D was given once per day at night. Calcitonin-Salmon was injected once per day. A total of four weeks of care completed the treatment regimen.

Electroacupuncture was applied to primary acupoints including:

  • Ashi points
  • Shenzhu, DU12
  • Pishu, BL20
  • Shenshu, BL23
  • Qihai, CV6
  • Mingmen, DU4
  • Yaoyangguan
  • Juegu, DU3

Disposable acupuncture needles (0.25 x 40 mm) were inserted to a depth of 25 to 50 mm. Manual stimulation was used to elicit deqi at the acupoints. Upon arrival of deqi, electroacupuncture was applied using a 60 Hz continuous was set to patient tolerance for intensity levels. Total needle retention time per acupuncture treatment was thirty minutes. 

Acupuncture alleviates irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Researchers from the Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine investigated the efficacy of electroacupuncture for the treatment of IBS. A comparison group in the clinical trial received oral administration of pinaverium bromide. The acupuncture treatment group demonstrated an 86.7% improvement rate. The drug group demonstrated a 50% improvement rate. Jiaji points of the back.

Sixty patients were randomized equally into two treatment groups. Group one received electroacupuncture and group two received pinaverium bromide. Electroacupuncture was applied to Huatoujiaji acupoints of the back at the level of T11, T12, and L1.

The researchers note that the acupuncture prescription was developed using a traditional approach to care. They note the Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) principle that Huatoujiaji acupoints are located between the du and bladder taiyang channels and have the ability to regulate both of these bordering channels and respective acupoints at specific spinous process levels. For example, the spleen back-shu point of the bladder taiyang channel is located lateral to the lower border of the spinous process of T11. Likewise, the stomach-shu point is located lateral to the lower border of the spinous process of T12. In addition, the sanjiao-shu point is located lateral to the lower border of the spinous process of L1.

All three bladder taiyang channel acupoints have traditional functions for regulating the digestive system. At the same spinous process levels, the Huatoujiaji acupoints share similar medicinal actions. The same applies for du channel acupoints. They too share similar actions to Huatoujiaji points at corresponding spinous process levels. 

Acupuncture plus herbs alleviates depression. Funing County People’s Hospital researchers conducted a randomized clinical trial comparing the efficacy of acupuncture plus herbs with medication therapy. The Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) therapy group receiving acupuncture plus herbal medicine had a 93.3% total effective rate. The pharmaceutical medication group achieved a 70% total effective rate. Taiyang bladder channel points of the back were selected and needled.

Sixty patients were randomly divided into a TCM group and a drug therapy group. The TCM group received manual acupuncture and the herbal formula Mei Gui Jie Yu Tang for oral intake. The drug therapy group received flupentixol-melitracen, a combination of an antipsychotic medication and a tricyclic antidepressant. Based on the data, the researchers note that acupuncture combined with Mei Gui Jie Yu Tang is a reliable and affordable treatment method for alleviating depression.

Acupuncture was manually applied with mild reinforcing and reducing techniques. Three acupuncture treatments were administered each week for eight weeks. Needle retention time was thirty minutes per acupuncture session and manual acupuncture techniques were applied once every fifteen minutes. Primary acupuncture point used in the study were: 

Acupuncture and electroacupuncture relieve lower back pain due to disc herniations. Heilongjiang University of TCM researchers investigated the analgesic effects of both manual acupuncture and electroacupuncture. Both types of acupuncture successfully relieved focal lower back pain and sciatica. Bladder Foot-Taiyang points of the back.

Electroacupuncture outperformed manual acupuncture in achieving the greatest number of positive patient outcomes. The total effective rate for the relief of pain was 97.5% for electroacupuncture and 89.5% for manual acupuncture in the randomized controlled trial. The total effective rate included patients with significant reductions or elimination of pain, improved lower limb reflexes, ability to resume work, and significant improvements in range of motion.

The researchers applied acupuncture to the following acupoints:

  • BL31, Shangliao
  • BL32, Ciliao
  • BL33, Zhongliao
  • BL34, Xialiao
  • BL54, Zhibian
  • BL40, Weizhong
  • BL60, Kunlun

A manual acupuncture group was compared with an electroacupuncture group whose BL31, BL40, BL34, and BL60 acupoints were stimulated with continuous wave stimulation at a comfortable intensity level. Electroacupuncture was only added after the arrival of deqi at the acupoints. Total needle retention time was 30 minutes per acupuncture session for both groups. All patients received acupuncture at a rate of once per day for ten days. The researchers concluded that both acupuncture and electroacupuncture are safe and effective for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation pain. 

Acupuncture and Chinese herbs eliminate pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). This disorder is often due to an infection in the uterus, fallopian tubes, or ovaries. PID may cause infertility due to residual scarring or congealed exudate. Chlamydia and gonorrhea are common etiologies but PID may be caused many other pathogenic influences.CV6 (Qihai) is needled in this picture.

Acute PID may require hospitalization and emergency use of antibiotics or surgery. Chronic PID may not resolve through the use of conventional therapies including antibiotics, anti-inflammatory medications, and multiple exploratory surgeries. Fortunately, researchers confirm that a combination of acupuncture and Chinese herbal medicine is effective for the resolution pelvic inflammatory disease.

Based on clinical research, researchers from the Chongqing Institute of Chinese Medicine conclude that acupuncture and herbs achieve significant positive patient outcomes for patients with chronic PID. Chinese herbal medicine, as a standalone therapy, achieved a 77.5% total effective rate in their clinical trial. Acupuncture, as a standalone therapy, achieved a 75% total effective rate. A therapeutic protocol combining acupuncture and Chinese herbal medicine achieved a 92.5% total effective rate. The data confirms that an integration of both acupuncture and herbs into a treatment protocol achieves optimal positive patient outcome rates.

The total effective rate was based on improvements of both objective and subjective outcomes. Improvements include the reduction or elimination of abdominal pain, lower abdominal bloating, vaginal discharge (leukorrhea), menstrual pain, irregular menstruation, fatigue, and pelvic compression test pain. The total effective rate also includes significant improvements or elimination of endometrial hyperplasia, pelvic masses, vaginal secretion leukocyte count, and the serum leukocyte and neutrophil count. Six, nine, and twelve month follow-up medical examinations confirm that acupuncture and herbal medicine maintain lasting results and prevent relapses of PID. 

Acupuncture is an effective treatment for the relief of insomnia. Two independent research teams from the Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine found acupuncture over 90% effective for the treatment of insomnia. In addition, Li et al. found an important biochemical basis for the efficaciousness of acupuncture in the treatment of insomnia. GB14 and Yintang are needled on a woman's forehead in this picture.

Li et al. conducted an investigation and determined that acupuncture increases biochemical concentrations that benefit sleep. Acupuncture increases the concentration of gama-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in cerebrospinal fluid and increases bodily serotonin (5-HT) levels. Serotonin is involved in the regulation of many bodily functions including appetite, cognitive function, mood, and sleep. GABA is a neurotransmitter that produces inhibitory responses to postsynaptic neurons in the adult brain.

In one of two recent investigations at the Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine, researchers tested two acupuncture insomnia treatment protocols. One protocol, called Tiao Shen, achieved a 93.3% total effective rate for the treatment of insomnia. The second treatment protocol, a standardized form of body style acupuncture, achieved a 73.3% total effective rate. Sixty patients were randomized into two equal groups in a semi-protocolized trial.

Group one received the Tiao Shen protocol. Primary body style acupuncture points included:

DU24, Shenting
HT7, Shenmen
ST36, Zusanli
SP6, Sanyinjiao
DU16, Fengfu
GB13, Benshen
Yintang
Sishencong
Anmian

Supplementary acupuncture points were added based on differential diagnostics -
Spleen and heart deficiency: add BL15 (Xinshu), BL20 (Pishu)
Heart and kidney deficiency: add HT8 (Shaofu), KD3 (Taixi)
Liver disharmony: add LV3 (Taichong), LI4 (Hegu)
Heart deficiency: add BL15 (Xinshu), BL19 (Danshu)
Excess phlegm: add PC6 (Neiguan), ST40 (Fenglong) 

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